IP video will be nearly 80% of all IP traffic by 2018
June 11, 2014 07.20 Europe/London By Robert Briel
Global IP traffic will grow three-fold between 2013 and 2018, reaching an annual run rate of 1.6 zettabytes, more than 1.5 trillion gigabytes per year, according to Cisco’s annual Visual Networking Index (VNI).
IP video will be 79% of all IP traffic by 2018, up from 66 percent in 2013. Ultra HD (4k) video will account for 11% of IP video traffic by 2018, up from 0.1% in 2013. HD video will account for 52% of IP video traffic by 2018 (up from 36%) and SD will account for the remaining 37% (down from 64%).
The projected annual IP traffic for 2018 will be greater than all IP traffic that has been generated globally from 1984 – 2013 (1.3 zettabytes).
The composition of IP traffic will shift dramatically in the coming few years. During the forecast period, the majority of traffic will originate from devices other than personal computers (PCs) for the first time in the history of the Internet. Wi-Fi traffic will exceed wired traffic for the first time and high-definition (HD) video will generate more traffic than standard definition (SD) video.
The Internet of Everything is also gaining momentum and by 2018 there will be nearly as many machine-to-machine (M2M) connections as there are people on earth. Smart cars will have nearly four M2M modules per car.
With the FIFA World Cup 2014 set to begin on Thursday, June 12, millions of people are expected to view games and/or highlights via the internet. Video streaming and IP broadcast of the World Cup is anticipated to generate 4.3 exabytes of IP traffic, which is three times the amount of monthly IP traffic currently generated by Brazil (this year’s World Cup host city).
In addition, internet traffic generated by the 60,000 people in a stadium and traveling to games is forecasted to surpass the busy-hour traffic from all 94 million smartphone subscribers in Brazil.
Global IP traffic is expected to reach 132 exabytes per month by 2018, which is the equivalent to: 8.8 billion screens streaming the FIFA World Cup final game in Ultra-HD/4K at the same time; 5.5 billion people binge-watching Game of Thrones Season 4 via video-on-demand in HD or 1.5 billion watching in Ultra-HD/4K; 4.5 trillion YouTube clips; and 940 quadrillion text messages.